How good is the quality of your playing surfaces?
Soil compaction is a form of damage to the soil structure in which the soil components are brought closer together, usually via some type of force. Machines, foot traffic, etc.
Plants lose much health through compaction. Cavities in the soil normally filled with air and water are drastically reduced. The compacted soil prevents oxygen exchange, and the flushing of gasses from rain events. Soil organisms activity and the ability to produce healthy roots is reduced. In short, compaction is great for stress and disease.
Solving the problems of compaction, especially when using mechanical solutions requires a lot of knowledge and feel. For example, carrying out such procedures under less than ideal soil conditions, can cause even more damage. Unfortunately, this happens too frequently due to time pressures associated with satisfying a busy membership.